Carpet Cleaning Machines

How Does a Carpet Cleaning Machine Work?

Carpet Cleaning Machines -How Carpet Machines Work

How Does a Carpet Cleaning Machine Work?

How Does a Carpet Cleaning Machine Work?
By Lauren Zwiebel

A carpet cleaner is one of the most popular machines used by businesses today. These machines are also known as carpet extractors and carpet shampooers. They are designed to deep clean virtually all types of carpets and upholstery.

How Do These Machines Work?

The surface has to be prepared before using a carpet cleaner. A cleaning solution, preferably a green chemical, must be applied onto the surface to provide more effective cleaning. The cleaning solution should be allowed to dwell for several minutes to begin dissolving stains and loosening the bond between dirt molecules and carpet fibers.

Once the carpet is prepared, the operator proceeds by injecting water and more solution, if desired, into the carpet using the carpet cleaning system. The surface must then be agitated using carpet cleaning equipment, namely a wand. The agitation will result in the formation of crystallized dirt residue on the surface, which will be removed with the help of a vacuum extractor.

While traditional systems require up to 24 hours for carpets to dry after being shampooed, today's latest low-flow models require only 1-6 hours for carpets to fully dry. In addition to enabling business owners to get back to work as soon as possible, these low-flow units reduce the risk of mold growth or odor formation associated with prolonged dampness.

To ensure a carpet cleaning system offers powerful results time and time again, it is important to purchase machines comprised of the highest quality components. The following are the main components of carpet extractors and purchasing tips related to each component.


The pump generates the output pressure of the machine. Carpet shampooers do not need high pressure levels, though higher pressure levels do increase cleaning power. The output pressure required for normal cleaning applications range from 60 psi to 150 psi. Industrial carpet cleaning machines have an output pressure of up to 500 psi.

Heating Unit

The heating unit generates the output temperature. For the latest models of carpet cleaning equipment, the output temperature ranges up to 210°F. Non-heated machines are also available. Lacking a heating element, these systems are often less expensive than heated models and can accept inlet temperatures up to 210°F.

When selecting a heated machine, there are different types of heating elements available. For example, a single tank heating element reaches full operating temperature in 15 minutes and has a lower maximum temperature than two inline heating elements that can reach full temperature in only 3-5 minutes. The time it takes to reach the maximum temperature is important for many buyers. Quicker heating times mean the job is completed faster.


Carpet cleaning machines contain two types of tanks - a solution tank and a recovery tank. The solution tank is used to store water, while the recovery tank is used to keep the retrieved dirt residue. The size of solution tanks varies from 4.5 gallons to 17 gallons. Recovery tanks have similar dimensions, with the smallest tanks having a size of 4.5 gallons and the largest tanks with a size of 15 gallons.

A prospective buyer should focus on the size of the tanks. Machines with bigger tanks are ideal for cleaning larger areas for extended periods of time. Otherwise, small or medium-sized tanks would suffice.

To further enhance productivity, industrial versions of carpet cleaning machines boast auto fill and auto dump features, enabling operators to work continuously.


Vacuums extract the dirt residue from the surface. The efficiency of the vacuum depends on its motor. Some machines use vacuums with more than one motor. A vacuum based on one's cleaning requirements may be selected accordingly. It is better to select machines having a vacuum with multi-stage motors.

Two important specifications of the motor in a vacuum are air flow and water lift. Both specifications refer to the extracting efficiency of the vacuum. Air flow is expressed in cubic feet per minute (CFM). Depending upon the model, air flow varies from 100 CFM to 200 CFM.

Similarly, water lift, which is expressed in inches, varies from 100 inches to 250 inches. The higher the value, the higher the extraction capability of the machine.

Remember, when purchasing carpet cleaning equipment to deep clean your carpets and leave your business looking like new, select top models from trusted suppliers. Only then can you be assured the system you've purchased is of the utmost quality and utilizes enhanced cleaning technologies.

A carpet cleaner is popular machines used by businesses today; buy green cleaning products for better surface and environment friendly cleaning. We can also use carpet cleaners in auto detailing services.

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    I manage 16 luxury homes in Aspen, Colorado and would not go anywhere else for my carpet cleaning needs. On top of requiring very discreet and trustworthy services, our homeowners have specialty rugs and carpets which require unique care. Over the long relationship Ute Place has shared with Marty, there is not a problem Winn’s pro has not been able to handle for us. When he says, “call me any time”, he means it! Marty is always willing to help in emergency situations late in the day or over weekends and holidays and arrives on your doorstep quickly and with a smile. My homeowners are continually impressed with the “magic” Marty works on their carpets and rugs, always leaving them looking like new. I would, without hesitation, recommend Marty’s professional services to any client looking for a superior, friendly and flawless cleaning service.

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    Testimonial from Mason Morse Real Estate:This is to let you know that Marty Winn did an excellent job of cleaning our carpets. His service is unbeatable and the quality of his work is definitely first class.We had stains on our carpet that no other carpet cleaner was able to get out. The stains were set in and had been there for quite some time. Marty came to our office and said he did not care if we gave him the job or not; but he wanted to try and get the stains out. He not only got them out, his prices were excellent also.Marty came and cleaned our carpets and has followed up to make sure the stains have not returned.I highly recommend and trust Marty and Winn’s Pro Carpet Cleaning. He definitely is a professional and takes pride in his work.Thank you for all that you have done!Sincerely,Karen Scarberry/Office ManagerMason Morse Real Estate0290 Hwy 133Carbondale, CO. 81623

    Would I recommend Winn’s Pro Carpet Cleaning? You bet I would. Winn’s Pro Carpet Cleaning cleaned the carpets in the Chamber office, and when I came in the next day I thought I was in the wrong place! The difference was amazing. Great work and fast service, way to go Winn’s Pro Carpet Cleaning!

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